Linux Ubuntu CharacteristicsUbuntu is a Linux-based operating system for personal computers, servers and net books. Ubuntu’s aim is to be easy to install and use, frequently updated and unfettered by many restrictions. Ubuntu is sponsored and founded by Canonical Ltd. One of the main objectives Linux has had in mind when creating Ubuntu is that they wanted to create a free software operating system that should be popular for its little restrictions and, in the same time, to be easy to use for many people. The latest version is Ubuntu 11.04, Natty Narwhal and was launched on 28 April 2011.
Originally known as code-name no-yet.com Linux Ubuntu version appeared as a temporary copy of the Debian project, on the 20th of October 2004. At that time it was decided that Ubuntu needs to use regular Debian source code to facilitate the launch of updates and upgrades every six months which provided a high caution towards the variation caused by the 'fork' which should will not lead to a fundamentally different operating system.
Ubuntu follows closely the new released versions of the working environment GNOME. Unlike other Linux distributions derived from Debian like, Canonical wants Ubuntu to be composed predominantly of free software. Ubuntu borrows from Debian the management software, the Advanced Technology Package Manager. Ubuntu software is presented in 'packages' mostly from Debian unstable repository, but this is not a condition for a package to work properly in both operating systems. Some of the developers maintain Ubuntu packages from Debian repositories and their contributions are immediately announced not necessarily with the launch of new versions. The founder of Debian, criticized Ubuntu for incompatibilities that showed up in the year of 2005 and in his opinion, Ubuntu differs greatly from Debian. Bugs found in the Ubuntu Launchpad are managed through web interface, helped by collective Rosetta translation engine and Malone bug tracker.